|Day One||The Farmers' Grievances: The Rise of the Populist
Divine, pages 600, 601-602 and 606-610
3. What were the initial purposes of the Grange and the farmersí alliances of the late 19th century? How did they evolve into a political movement?
4. What role did blacks play in farmer alliances and in the emerging Populist movement? How did whites in these organizations view blacks?
5. How did the Populists fair in the election of 1892? In what sense were election results disappointing to Populists? In what sense were the Populists successful?
6. In his "Cross of Gold" speech, how does Bryan (a Populist-Democrat)
depict the Democratic party? What critique of his political opponents is
implicit in Bryanís speech?
8. In the "Cross of Gold," what does Bryan mean when he says that "It is the issue of 1776 all over again."?
9. In the "Cross of Gold," how does Bryan depict the gold and the gold standard? How does he depict silver?
|Day Two||The "Cross of Gold": Bryan, Silver, and the Decline
of the Populists
Supplement: Populist Party Platform 1892
Divine, pages 619, 622-624, and 620-621
Supplement: Bryan, "Cross of Gold Speech" (Review)
What reforms did the Populists seek? What factors contributed to the decline of the Populist movement? To what extent did the movement succeed?
2. How do the Populists depict American society in the Populist Party Platform? How do they depict government? Big business?
3. For what economic reasons did Southern and Western ruralites favor the free coinage of silver? For what non-economic reasons did they favor free coinage of silver?
4. What types of Americans favored the gold standard? How did Populists view the gold standard and its supporters?
5. How did Populists come to dominate the Democratic party in 1896? What impact did this have on the Democratic party? What impact did this have on the Populist party?
6. What types of people voted for Bryan (Democratic-Populist) in the election of 1896? What types of people voted for McKinley (Republican)? What did Bryanís loss indicate about the weaknesses of the Populist movement?
7. What is an allegory? In what sense is "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz," a Populist allegory?
|Day Three||Progressivism: The Spirit of Reform
Divine, pages 658-659, 691-692, and 693-694 (middle)
2. What were the main characteristics of progressivism?
3. Though diverse and far reaching in their goals and methods, what did progressives have in common?
4. What is the relationship between progressivism and populism?
5. In what sense are the methods of social justice reformers of the late 19th century representative of progressivism?
|Day Four||Purifying the Cities From the Saloon to City
Divine, pages 694 (on Temperance) and 575-576 (review on political machines)
and 699 and 702-704
3. What were political machines? Why did urban voters support political bosses?
4. What might political machines be a target for progressive reformers?
5. What steps did cities and states take to reform their governments? In what sense did these reforms reflect progressive ideals?
|Day Five||The Peopleís Park? Central Park: A Case Study
in Progressive Reform
Supplement: Olmsted, On Central Park
Supplement: Martin, "Before Park, Black Village" from the New York Times
In what way might the park movement and the creation of Central Park be seen as an example of progressive reform? In what sense was the park an attempt to temper the ills of industrialization? To what extent did parks truly uplift New Yorkers?
Frederick Law Olmsted, Central Park, Seneca Village,
2. In the Rosenzweig and Blackmar article, what do park supporters see as the benefits of Central Park?
3. In what sense did the park break down class barriers? In what sense did it reaffirm class barriers?
4. How did the construction of Central Park impact the residents of Seneca Village?
|Day Six||Extending Domestic Virtue: The Movement for Womenís
Divine, pages 694-696 and 700-701
Supplement: Owen, Speech Supporting Womenís Suffrage
What arguments did progressive reformers make in support of womenís suffrage? Did the acceptance of womenís suffrage represent a fundamental shift in Americansí views of women and their role in society? Why were some women ambivalent about womenís suffrage?
Seneca Falls, Carrie Chapman Catt, womenís suffrage, 19th Amendment, Margaret Sanger, Comstock Law,
2. How did the arguments used by modern suffrage movement leaders like Carrie Chapman Catt differ from those used by earlier suffragists? How do these arguments reflect the spirit of progressivism?
3. What was the Comstock Law? In what sense was it a progressive reform? Who is Margaret Sanger? In what sense was her birth control movement a progressive reform? How can these two seemingly contradictory measures both be seen as progressive?
4. In Senator Owenís speech in favor of womenís suffrage, what benefits does he argue will result from womenís suffrage?
5. What ideas about the nature of womanhood underlie Owenís argument?
|Day Seven||Limits of Progressivism: Blacks During the Late
19th and Early 20th Century
Divine, pages 588-89 and 670-672 (on B.T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois
3. What does Washington think about agitation as a strategy for achieving social equality? What might this indicate about Washingtonís view of the role of government intervention in promoting black equality?
4. What strategies did W.E.B. DuBois advocate for addressing the problems faced by African-Americans in the late 19th and early 20th centuries? Why does DuBois reject Washingtonís "self-help" approach?
5. What does DuBois see as the role of government in promoting the rights of blacks?
|Day Eight||Busting Trusts and Regulating Business: T. R. and Taft
Divine, pages 704-712
Write out answers ONE of the following homework questions: 1-11
What steps did TR and William Taft take to regulate business? What is their view of the capitalist system and the appropriate relationship between government and the economy?
2. In what sense was Teddy Roosevelt a trustbuster? In what sense was he not? How did he distinguish between "good" and "bad" trusts? Why did he make this distinction?
3. Can Teddy Roosevelt be accurately described as a trustbuster? What actions did he take to bust trusts? How significant were such actions?
4. What was Teddy Rooseveltís stance on the Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902? What does this indicate about his view of the proper relationship between government and business? government and labor? business and labor?
5. What were the Elkins Act and Hepburn Act? What impact did they have on the relationship between the government and the railroad industry?
6. What were the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act? What impact did they have on the relationship between the government and the food and drug industry? In what sense might these be seen as an extension of the goals of progressive reformers?
7. How might Teddy Rooseveltís commitment to conservation be seen as an extension of progressive reforms?
8. In what sense did the problems of William Taftís presidency reflect fundamental differences between the conservative and progressive wings of the Republican party? Was Taft ultimately a conservative Republican or a progressive Republican?
9. What was the Mann-Elkins Act? What impact did it have on the relationship between government and the railroad industry? What does it indicate about Taftís relationship to the conservative and progressive wings of the Republican party?
10. What was the Sixteenth Amendment? In what sense was it an extension of progressive reforms?
11. What was the Seventeenth Amendment? In what sense was it an extension of progressive reforms?
|Day Nine||Woodrow Wilsonís New Freedom
Divine, pages 713-718
Write out answers to ONE of the following homework questions: 2-8
What steps does Wilson take to regulate the economy? What is his view of the capitalist system and the appropriate relationship between the government and the economy?
2. What was the Underwood Tariff and why was it so significant? In what sense was it a progressive reform?
3. What was the Federal Reserve Act? In what sense was it progressive in its structure? In what sense was it progressive in its function?
4. What was the Clayton Antitrust Act? In what ways was it an extension of the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890?
5. What was the Federal Trade Commission? In what sense was it progressive in its structure? In what sense was it progressive in its function?
6. What was Wilsonís record on racial equality? What does this indicate about the reforms of the progressive era?
7. How did Woodrow respond to the threatened railroad strike of 1916? What was the Adamson Act? What did it indicate about Wilsonís view of the proper relationship government and business? government and labor? business and labor?
8. What was the Keating-Owen Act? In what sense was it a progressive reform?
9. How fundamentally did the reforms of Teddy Roosevelt, William Taft and Woodrow Wilson challenge the structure of the American capitalist economy? Did these reforms constitute a revolution?
|Day Ten||Capitalism and the Constitution: The Baker, The
Miner, and The Laundress
Divine, 560 (on Lochner)
Supplement: Lochner v. New York, Holden v. Hardy, and Muller v. Oregon
What do the Supreme Court rulings at the turn of the century suggest
about the way the Supreme Court and the American people view the impact
of progressive reform on economic liberty? What does this indicate about
the way Americans feel about the role of government in restraining business?
2. Why does Justice Holmes dissent in the Lochner case? What does he mean when he says the Fourteenth Amendment does not enact the theories of Mr. Herbert Spencer (a Social Darwinist)?
3. How does the Supreme Court rule in Holden v. Hardy? What reasoning does the court give to justify its ruling?
4. How can one account for the apparent contradiction between the courtís ruling in Holden v. Hardy and the courtís ruling in Lochner?
5. How does the Supreme Court rule in the Muller case? What reasoning does the court give to justify its ruling?
6. How can one account for the apparent contradiction between the courtís ruling in the Muller case and the courtís ruling in Lochner?
|Day Eleven||Test on Unit Eight|
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